At this stage we introduce the littlest ones to the world of social skills, showing them how to play together and understand each other's feelings. Playtime remains important and fun, with quiet times doing more structured activities. We awake the beginnings of problem solving and planning skills with different types of toys and games, and we help children deal with their frustrations. Our caring early years teachers are an essential source of security and comfort, allowing the little ones to take the first big step from home as smoothly as possible. Self-care skills and independence are encouraged at this age.
An increased interest in joint play such as make-believe, construction and games helps children to learn the important social skills of sharing and cooperating. Children also learn more about helping adults in everyday activities, and children are encouraged to make healthy choices in food and exercise. A wide range of interesting materials and activities are used to introduce them to the new world of literacy and numeracy, and as the children's language becomes more complex we help to develop their speech and vocabulary. Self-help and independence is further practised in areas such as eating, dressing and toileting.
From this age we intensely develop literacy, numeracy and problem solving skills. Using the Oxford Reading Tree and Jolly Phonics literacy systems the children make significant progress with reading and writing. We use Abacus Maths materials to teach numeracy (counting, adding, subtraction and recognising numbers). We embark on more challenging activities with a wider range of materials and resources. Children learn and play more in groups to develop their social skills.